NSAM 347: Release of Public Information on Nuclear Tests (1966)

08Dec09

The Johnson Administration’s National Security Memorandum (NSAM) 347: Release of Public Information Concerning Soviet, French, and Communist Chinese Nuclear Tests (May 26, 1966), signed by LBJ National Security Advisor Walt W. Rostow, follows in line with previous presidential administrations in restricting public knowledge regarding foreign nuclear tests.*

NSAM 347 states:

The President has directed that all recipients of classified intelligence information regarding Soviet, French and Communist Chinese nuclear tests take all feasible steps to prevent unauthorized disclosure of the information. Such action is essential to safeguard intelligence sources and methods in obtaining this information and to minimize speculation concerning the significance of data obtained from such tests. [emphasis added]

NSAM 347 represents the notoriously secret side of atomic history, which rests uneasily with public education initiatives such as the Smyth Report, the plethora of civil defense documents that openly report health risks of (global) radiation and fallout, and debates in the media on atomic weapons, led by a media giant of the period, Life magazine (volume 28, 1950: p. 91+).
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* Kennedy NSAM 176  Release of Public Information Concerning Soviet Nuclear Tests (August 01, 1962) limited public knowledge of Soviet nuclear tests and was used as a basis for NSAM 347.

** See Paul Kesaris, ed., A Guide to the Microfilm Edition of Documents of the National Security Council (7th supplement, compiled by Blair D. Hydrick, UMI, 1996). National Security Action Memoranda “were formal presidential directives dealing with national security affairs during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations; in addition, they were used as directives that studies be undertaken involving national security policy and objectives. They were numbered consecutively as they were produced. “

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